Ground Systems
Ground System Analysis Software

Characteristics of a Buried Radial Wire from DC up to Radio Frequencies

Author: R.J.Edwards G4FGQ © 2nd February 1998

The earth electrode system of a radio transmitter using a vertical mast as the radiator consists of a number of buried wires radiating from a common connecting point directly under the antenna. For high efficiency power radiation the effective series resistance looking into the earthing system must be as low as possible. This program models a single isolated radial from DC up to 30 MHz.

Program input data consists of length, depth and diameter of the wire, local soil resistivity (R), relative permittivity (K), and the radio frequency. For average soils: R = 100 ohm-metres and K = 14. For poor, dry, sandy soil: R = 400 and K = 6. For fertile agricultural naturally-moist loam: R = 25, K = 20.

Analysis is that of a lossy-dielectric transmission line. As line length and overall attenuation increases, input impedance converges to the line's characteristic impedance. A further increase will then have no effect on input Z.

At 0.22-waves line-length there may be a minimum value of input resistance but without sharp resonance due to high loss. Relative velocity along the wire is much smaller than in free-space. Input reactance is always +ve due to wire inductance. A series capacitance will tune it out.

Run this Program from the Web or Download and Run it from Your Computer
This program is self-contained and ready to use. It does not require installation. Click this link RadioEth then click Open to run from the web or Save to save the program to your hard drive. If you save it to your hard drive, double-click the file name from Windows Explorer (Right-click Start then left-click Explore to start Windows Explorer) and it will run.

Search other ham radio sites with Ham Radio Search